The National Action Plans (PANs) are a public policy in Brazil and serve to guide the research and management actions necessary to reverse the situation of endangered species. The proposed actions are the shared responsibility of public authorities and civil society, as protecting our biodiversity is everyone’s commitment. Members of Toninhas do Brasil participated in the elaboration process of the National Action Plan for the Conservation of the Franciscana (PAN Toninha), acting as articulators and collaborators in several actions, and participated in the Technical Support Group (Grupo de Apoio Técnico – GAT) of this plan. Actions include research, monitoring, environmental education and management of ecosystems and fisheries, in addition to the implementation of new public policies.
Internationally, the project contributed to the construction of the Conservation and Management Plan of the International Whaling Commission, which seeks to guide the countries involved with respect to the actions necessary for the conservation of the species, in an integrated and collaborative manner.

Pesquisadores do Toninhas do Brasil, representantes da sociedade civil, de órgãos ambientais e APA da Baleia Franca durante reunião de gestão no ano de 2019 em Garopaba (SC).
Researchers from Toninhas do Brasil and representatives of civil society, environmental agencies and the Right Whale Environmental Protection Area during a management meeting in Garopaba (Santa Catarina), in 2019.


The sustainability of fishing is everyone’s goal, because it is only through it that we will achieve a productive, diverse and balanced ocean. It is from this perspective that Toninhas do Brasil hopes to contribute, aiming at reducing bycatch of non-target species, more specifically small cetaceans such as the franciscana. To this end, the project has been making efforts to expand knowledge about artisanal fishing activities in different territories of São Paulo, Paraná and Santa Catarina, either by monitoring fish landing, or through local ecological knowledge; and seeking strategies to reduce bycatch.
There are different approaches to bycatch reduction that are already being used in other countries. However, at this stage of the project, our focus is on the use of acoustic alarms, which have the potential to alert the franciscanas and prevent them from approaching the nets, without compromising fishing. Our pilot project, which is in progress, aims to evaluate the effectiveness and feasibility of alarms in a real fishing situation in Brazil, with the collaboration and experience of fishermen.

Pescadores e pesquisadores em volta de uma mesa que tem um mapa no centro. O pequeno grupo gesticula e conversa apontando para o mapa
Fishermen and researchers around a table with a map at the center. The small group gestures and talks, pointing to the map.


Nature tourism aimed at observing wildlife can be an important ally in the conservation of species, as long as it is conducted responsibly. From this perspective, Toninhas do Brasil has been working on the development of protocols for observing franciscanas, initially focusing on Babitonga Bay, in an integrated manner with other tourist attractions in the region. It also conducts courses and training for nature observation tourism in the region, aiming to develop this activity in a sustainable way in the territory, contributing to the local communities.
Veleiro ECO ancorando em São Francisco do Sul durante pôr do sol em 2019
ECO sailboat anchoring in São Francisco do Sul at sunset, in 2019.


The conservation of franciscanas depends, essentially, on the conservation of the coastal ecosystems where they live. The Toninhas do Brasil team participates in different discussion forums related to marine conservation. At a regional level, for example, we are part of the Pró-Babitonga Group, a multisectoral collective that discusses issues related to the use of this territory. The project also seeks to contribute to the deliberations of the Management Councils of Conservation Units existing in the territories where it operates. At this stage, we work in four Conservation Units: the North Coast Marine Environmental Protection Area and the South Coast Marine Environmental Protection Area, both in São Paulo; the National Marine Park of Currais, in Paraná; and the Right Whale Environmental Protection Area, in Santa Catarina. The scientific publications produced by the project are forwarded, whenever necessary, to the government bodies involved in the management of these territories. The project also provides specific technical opinions. Generating technical subsidies for the elaboration of public policies aimed at the conservation of marine fauna is part of our mission.
Renan Paitacha, coordenador de pesquisa do Toninhas do Brasil apresenta projeto ao Grupo Multisetorial Pró-Babitonga em Joinville no ano de 2018.
Renan Paitach, research coordinator at Toninhas do Brasil, presents a project to the Pró-Babitonga Multisectoral Group in Joinville in 2018.